Ezra, book of


Ezra, book of
The books of Ezra and Nehemiah were a unity in the Hebrew and the LXX. But in the Latin Vulgate the books are separated and called Esdras (the Greek form of Ezra) Ⅰ and Esdras Ⅱ. Much of the book of Ezra also appears in a book of the Apocrypha and is there entitled Esdras Ⅰ and was part of the Greek LXX. This Esdras Ⅰ is known as Esdras Ⅲ in the Vulgate, or the Greek Ezra, and Esdras Ⅱ is known as Esdras Ⅳ in the Vulgate; neither Esdras Ⅲ nor Ⅳ is recognized as canonical by the Roman Catholic Church but both were included by Jerome as an appendix to his Vulgate. These two Greek works are recognized as deuterocanonical by Eastern Orthodox Christians.
The books of Ezra and Nehemiah were part of the history of the Chronicler, and were probably written in the first part of the 4th cent. BCE. Since Ezra 7:27–8:34 and 9:1–15 is written in the first person (rather like the ‘we-sections’ of the Acts), it is possible that Ezra was himself the Chronicler.
The books of Ezra and Nehemiah are the climax of 1 and 2 Chron. and stoutly maintain confidence in the God who after the slavery in Egypt and the captivity in Babylon has restored them to their own land of Promise through influencing the mind of the kings of Persia (Ezra 9:9), though the Persian official suspects the Jews of rebellious intentions (Ezra 5:4). But, assured of Persian help (Ezra 8:36) the people were charged to observe the Jewish Law and to confess their past failures (Ezra 9). The foundations of the Second Temple were laid—though old men who could still remember the splendour of the First were saddened by the contrast (Ezra 3:12). It is incumbent on the people that they now observe the law and confess their failures in the past (Ezra 9).

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Ezra, Book of —    This book is the record of events occurring at the close of the Babylonian exile. It was at one time included in Nehemiah, the Jews regarding them as one volume. The two are still distinguished in the Vulgate version as I. and II. Esdras. It… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Ezra (disambiguation) — Ezra is a personal name derived from Hebrew, written variously as עֶזְרָא ( Standard Hebrew ), ʿEzra, ( Tiberian Hebrew ), ʿEzrâ: Arabic: Uzair (عزير), Turkish: Esra.* Ezra or Esdras, Biblical figures * Islamic view of Ezra * Book of Ezra, a book …   Wikipedia

  • Ezra — For other uses, see Ezra (disambiguation). Ezra from Guillaume Rouillé s Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum …   Wikipedia

  • EZRA AND NEHEMIAH, BOOKS OF — EZRA AND NEHEMIAH, BOOKS OF, two books in the Hagiographa (i.e., the Book of Ezra and the Book of Nehemiah), which were originally a single work. The Masoretic tradition regarded the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book and referred to it as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • EZRA — (Heb. עֶזְרָא; (YHWH) helps ), priest and scribe who played a major role in the rebuilding of the Temple, after the return from the Babylonian exile. The Man and His Mission Ezra whose name means help (possibly a shortened form for עֲזַרְיָה The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ezra Taft Benson — Naissance 4 août 1899 Idaho Décès 30 mai …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ezra Jack Keats — (March 11 1916 – May 6 1983), author of The Snowy Day , was an easel artist and one of the most important children s literature authors and illustrators of the 20th Century. Keats is best known for introducing multiculturalism into mainstream… …   Wikipedia

  • EZRA, APOCALYPSE OF — (also known as Ezra IV), book of visions ascribed to Ezra the Scribe, written between 95–100 C.E., probably in Ereẓ Israel. It is extant in some Greek fragments, Latin, Syriac, Ethiopic, two separate Arabic versions, Armenian, Georgian, and a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ezra in rabbinic literature — Ezra in rabbinic literature.His workEzra marks the springtime in the national history of Judaism. The flowers appear on the earth (Cant. ii. 12) refers to Ezra and Nehemiah (Midr. Cant. ad loc.). [ [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid… …   Wikipedia

  • EZRA, GREEK BOOK OF — (also called the Apocryphal Ezra, First Esdras, or Third Esdras), a Greek translation of the last two chapters of II Chronicles, the entire Book of Ezra (except for 1:6), and Nehemiah 7:73–8:13. It differs from the canonical version in that a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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